Persian Handicrafts Wiki - Read on Types & Variations



Miniature Painting is a small handmade oil painting on paper, whether a book illustration or more importantly on a piece of camel bone. The techniques are broadly comparable to the Western and Byzantine traditions of miniatures in illuminated manuscripts. The bright and pure colouring of the Persian miniature is one of its most striking features.

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Meenakari (Minakari) is the art of colouring and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing over it brilliant colours that are decorated in an intricate design. Mina is the feminine form of Minoo in Persian, meaning heaven. Mina refers to the Azure colour of heaven. Enamel working and decorating metals with colourful and baked coats is one of the distinguished courses of art in Isfahan.

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Turquoise Inlaying both on jewellery and containers includes a copper, brass, silver, nickel or bronze object on parts of the surface of which small pieces of turquoise are set in mosaic fashion thus giving the object a special glamor. The production of Turquoise Inlaying includes two general stages of Goldsmith and Turquoise Inlaying.



"Khatam" means "incrustation", and "Khatam-Kari" means "incrustation work". This craft consists in the production of incrustation pattern (generally star-shaped, with thin sticks of wood (ebony, teak, ziziphus, orange, rose), brass (for golden parts), camel bones (white parts). Ivory, gold or silver can also be used for collection objects.



Engraving (Ghalam Zani) is the art of carving superb designs on various metals such as copper, brass, silver and gold. Isfahan is the main centre for engraving. The artistic work of this course made by the artists is the glorious and undeniable indication of Previous metal work of Iran and Isfahan, in particular.




Handprinted Persian Textile (Ghalamkar) is a unique type of patterned Iranian Fabric. The fabric is printed using patterned wooden stamps. The stamps are mostly made of pear wood which has better flexibility and density for carving and long-standing utility. In this workshop, there are hundreds of different patterns consisting of arabesque designs, flora and fauna designs, geometric designs, pre-Islamic designs, hunting scenes, polo games, Persian poems, Armenian and Hebrew inscriptions.




Termeh has originally known as a sort of hand weaved colourful textile with special patterns mainly Persian Paisley which was originated in Yazd. Traditionally, the cloth was hand-woven using natural silk and wool fibre.Weaving Termeh is a sensitive, careful and time-consuming work that a good weaver could produce only 25-30 centimetres in a day. Although nowadays they are not 100% hand made, a good quality Termeh can be woven maximum of 100cm a day and since there are only a few machines for weaving Termeh. 


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