The Persian carpet is, also known as the Persian rug, is an essential part of Persian art and culture. Carpet-weaving is one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art and dates back to ancient Persia.
Iran is also the world's largest producer and exporter of handmade carpets, producing three-quarters of the world's total output. The weaving of pile rugs is a difficult and tedious process that, depending on the quality and size of the rug, may take anywhere from a few months to several years to complete. Depending on its age, size, and quality of craftsmanship, a genuine Persian rug can fetch from a few hundred to thousands or even millions of dollars. Three key factors determine the Persian rug price:Material: Persian rugs are most commonly made from wool, although cotton rugs are often seen. There are a variety of different wools that Persian rugs are commonly made from, including camel hair wool, Manchester wool, and Kork wool. Some other rugs are made from silk, although these are very expensive and are less durable than wool rugs. Silk Persian rugs are quite rare and are often displayed as wall hangings instead of floor rugs due to their value. Size: Not surprisingly, the larger the rug, generally, the higher the price will be. When purchasing a Persian rug, it is important to have exact measurements of what size rug is needed. The most popular oriental Persian Rug sizes (cm) are: 60 * 90 , 80 * 120 , 100 * 150 , 150 * 240 , 200 * 300 , 300 * 300. Knot Density: how many knots per square inch are present in the rug is a major contributing factor to the quality and price of the rug. On average, Persian rugs range from 30 to 300 knots per square inch.